Marquetry is an art/craft form that has been evident since the days of the pharaohs in Eqypt. Coming into prominence in Europe in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries primarily in furniture and wall panels in churches and palaces, marquetry techniques evolved from the use of a shoulder knife into the use of fret saws. In Renaissance Italy, the craft was known as intarsiatori or intarsia. These intarsia craftsmen were all artists of other fields; architecture, painting, sculpture and carving which resulted in artistic designs in their marquetry. Prominent and impressive marquetry in France and Germany was also produced during this period. The reign of Louis XIV, for example, produced memorable furniture featuring marquetry designs and pictures.